Enhancing Perimeter Security with Video Surveillance and Intelligent Analytics

Securing perimeters, whether they surround an airport, seaport, or an oil & gas facility, require a layered approach. Installing a fence or a few surveillance cameras, for instance, might help prevent security breaches to a certain degree, but they aren’t enough to totally secure a perimeter. Fences can be climbed and cameras don’t do much to stop a crime from happening unless an operator monitors the video feed at the precise time the event is taking place.

Such facilities demand automated surveillance solutions that detect and alert security personnel to suspicious activity. That’s why organizations with perimeters trust Pelco to provide them with video surveillance solutions such as our VideoXpert VMS, which leverages advanced analytics to secure perimeters around the world.

Pelco’s high-quality surveillance solutions begin with its world-class video cameras that can be customized to address distinct challenges in each site. Operators can reduce the chances of intruders evading detection with the collaboration of our VMS with a PTZ surveillance camera.

These cameras work with VideoXpert to provide you with enhanced detection and visibility:

Seamless Tracking in Airports

When it comes to securing airport perimeters, security personnel need to be able to track moving objects such as a vehicle in an unauthorized area of a runway, even as it moves out of the scope of one camera. The 12 MP Optera camera helps security personnel monitor people or moving objects without worrying about obstructive sensor boundaries. With 12 MP resolution and electronic PTZ, Optera elevates both live and forensic scene analysis so no incident is missed.

A Rugged Solution for Oil & Gas Environments

Oil & gas facilities need surveillance solutions that withstand hazardous conditions such as fires or explosions so that the cause of such incidents is much more likely to be found. The ExSite Enhanced is explosion proof and contains three ratings for ingress protection for maximum durability. VideoXpert also boosts perimeter security by leveraging video analytics to detect and alert personnel to unauthorized entry. Operators can use VideoXpert analytics to monitor gates and other physical barriers as well as establish a virtual fence around certain areas of interest.

Maximized Visibility for Seaports

Whether it’s rainfall or a snowstorm, Pelco’s Esprit Enhanced camera takes on the elements without compromising its capabilities, which can reduce overall maintenance costs. What’s more, it maximizes visibility by providing above-the-horizon coverage and white light capability.

With VideoXpert’s wide range of automated capabilities, organizations can operate with much greater confidence, knowing that their perimeter has a comprehensive security solution that keeps their facility, equipment, and employees safe.

Visit our website today to learn more about our full range of video surveillance solutions.

Diwali Festivities Call for Increased Airport Security

Airports across India are stepping up security measures in advance of this year’s Diwali festivities on November 7th.  This comes partially in response to last year when security agents at Chatarpati Shivaji International Airport responded to a bomb scare on an inbound flight from Delhi. While the threat turned out to be a hoax, air and safety officials across the country are taking additional security precautions as Diwali draws near.

With airport security officials and passengers on heightened alert during one of India’s most important holidays of the year, threats both in and around airports have increased over the past decade. As risks to air transportation grow, security professionals must keep up with technological advancements in surveillance to prevent and respond to a multitude of threat scenarios. That’s why one of the most meaningful steps airport security professionals can take is to adopt enhanced video surveillance systems that leverage the power of IP cameras and intelligent analytics.

As the first video surveillance provider to become Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) certified for its complete product range, Pelco is now authorized to sell its security and surveillance solutions in India, where customers can receive third-party guarantees on the quality, safety, and reliability of its products. Since BIS certification was recently made mandatory for all CCTV-products in India, security officials can choose from a diverse variety of predictive video security solutions including cameras, recording and management systems, software, and services. This makes Pelco a trusted partner to many businesses and government agencies throughout India, including the air transportation industry.

Airports in India and around the world—ranging from large public facilities to smaller niche transportation sites—rely on Pelco’s surveillance solutions for robust security. Their security management and intelligent video surveillance technologies go beyond just physical products, they also provide users with a multi-layered security approach.

Pelco’s award-winning Esprit Enhanced camera complemented by its VideoXpert Video Management System (VMS) are key elements of comprehensive solutions that protect airport perimeters and exterior premises while delivering exceptional image quality and ease of integration with third-party platforms. With Pelco’s intelligent monitoring solutions, security administrators can anticipate threats before they happen, significantly minimizing risks and quickly investigating incidents. This is made possible with modern VMS solutions that can analyze live video as well as quickly glean intelligence from vast amounts of stored video data.

What’s more, intelligent features that act as predictive markers take note of physical attributes and behavior, making it easier for security administrators to identify threats. Combined with intelligent alerts such as onboard analytics that can detect wrong-way counterflow and the ability to detect potential breaches by unauthorized individuals on runways, taxiways, and airplanes, the system can also filter out false alarms (i.e. blowing debris or crossing animals). In the event of a security breach, threat, or safety incident, authorities can be alerted automatically when action is needed.

The entire suite of Pelco solutions helps to promote a more proactive approach to security. By combining video surveillance with intelligent tools such as video analytics, security officials can easily identify criminal suspects and potential vulnerabilities. They can also ensure compliance with government regulations, thanks to Pelco’s BIS certification.

From evolving terrorism threats and crime to complying with industry rules and regulations, airports must remain vigilant more than ever. Pelco security management and intelligent video surveillance technologies are built to address the broad range of airport-specific security concerns while also being scalable to handle the most stringent regulatory requirements.

Click here to learn more about Pelco’s products and services.

Guest Post: Application of Advanced Video Analytics in Airports

Airport security remains one of the most critical threats faced by large cities. The rapid expansion in the aviation industry has escalated these threats due to the increase in passenger numbers. Automation of security and operational tasks is at the heart of providing effective screening and protection while scaling up to accommodate the growing numbers of passengers. Advanced Video Analytics has a crucial role in providing effective solutions that either autonomously detect and contain threats or assist security officers by providing superior situational awareness.

Advanced video analytics has been successfully deployed in airports to address critical safety and security needs. While some of the solutions are targeting proactive use of the surveillance network and increasing the situational awareness of security officers, others are fully automated and contain threats while alerting authorities.

  • At passenger security screening immediate detection of breaches to the landside/airside boundary are crucial to the secure operation of the airport. Furthermore, in large terminal buildings volubility must be mitigated by continuously monitoring unattended screening lanes for intruders.
  • At immigration desks Face Recognition scans passengers’ facial data constantly, comparing it in real time against a database of known suspects while storing every detected face in a passengers’ database to enable retrospective forensics searches.
  • At arrivals exit lanes, video analytics instantly detects pass-back violations and physically contains infiltrators by shutting automatic doors while alerting authorities.
  • Video analytics also plays a role in airside security and operations through identifying specific behaviours involving people, planes, and vehicles in an active and dynamic scene. Airside virtual intrusion and security of the Critical Paths are two of the areas where video analytics has been used to replace physical barriers by creating virtual aircraft zones and detecting unauthorised individuals at cargo loading zones.
  • Advanced scenario based rules play a big role in reducing nuisance events and focusing on real threats. Abandoned luggage detection is one example of such complex behaviour especially in busy areas like departures retail.
  • More recently the forensics use of video analytics in airports has become key in investigating incidents and apprehending those responsible near real time. Technologies like Tag and Track and Face/Behaviour forensics searches have been introduced to assist security officers to analyse hours of video in seconds, focus the investigation to achieve effective results and create the ultimate investigative tool. Face recognition forensics capability can also identify individuals in a network of cameras and search for passenger that visited the airport previously.

Written by Boghos Boghossian

Dr Boghos Boghossian is an acknowledged expert in systems/architectures for real-time advanced video analytics systems. Dr Boghossian has published numerous research papers on the subject and his inventions have be awarded global patents Dr Boghossian received a PhD in 2001 for work on human behaviour analysis for video surveillance systems at King’s College London, University of London. Since then he co-founded Ipsotek Ltd that specialise in providing advanced video analytics solutions. With headquarters in the UK, Ipsotek has provided effective solution across the world specialising in airport security, ITS and CNI protection.

Minimizing Wait Time in Baggage Claim

For security management at an airport, ensuring that moving crowds reach their destination (either leaving the airport or making their flight) safely and efficiently is priority one. Tired travelers who have just disembarked from a long flight want nothing more than to reclaim their luggage and begin the journey home, and may become frustrated and angered by delayed baggage claims that increase their wait time and delay their exit.

These inefficiencies are often created by alarms on the baggage handling system, triggered by jams or foul play, that stop the conveyor belt from moving. While this is a necessary safety feature to prevent the system from malfunctioning or from causing harm, it is often the result of an alarm that has been falsely triggered. If airport officials aren’t quickly and accurately made aware of the cause of these alarms, or where the issue is located, it becomes more difficult and more time consuming to solve the issue, leading to disgruntled travelers in a growing crowd.

The combination of delayed baggage claims and tired, edgy travelers is a bad mix, creating restless crowds impatiently waiting for their bags. Impatient, annoyed travelers crowded in to retrieve bags can easily create a security or hazard risk, as well as unhappy customers, so it is imperative to deal with jams or other issues as quickly as possible. However, the alarms set off by the baggage handling system may not provide enough information when alerting operators to what has caused the jam and where it has occurred.

Video management systems can help to ensure that baggage delays are dealt with quickly and do not cause further security issues by integrating video verification with baggage handling systems (BHS). With this integration, the VMS can automatically validate BHS alarms for baggage jams, allowing staff to more quickly move through the process of clearing a jam or dealing with foul play.

In addition, the integration of VMS with BHS makes it possible to alert operators as to where an alarm has been triggered and what the cause of the trigger was, giving staff the ability to respond proactively to the issue and find it quickly in the large baggage claim area. By arming service personnel with foreknowledge, they are enabled to easily dispense with crowd-causing baggage handling slows and not create more crowding or other security risks by searching fruitlessly for an issue.

Further, crowd monitoring analytics can help to ensure that in the event of a baggage jam security officers are able to proactively respond to growing crowds. This can help to monitor crowd movement, loitering, and objects near the baggage claim to allow security officers to proactively predict choke points, analyze crowd patterns and monitor foot traffic flow.

Helping to control crowds needs to be a high priority for any airport, as irritable travelers and delays are a historically bad mix. Integrating your video management system with baggage handling can help to alleviate problems caused by baggage handling delays, in addition to helping security proactively respond to threats posed by crowds in the baggage claim area.

No Child Left Behind

As air travel becomes more and more a part of everyday life, airports are becoming more complex facilities. Multiple terminals, the proliferation of retail and food service outlets, circuitous layouts, front- and back-of-house areas, varying levels of security, and large crowds all make an airport more difficult to navigate, requiring intricate signage to ensure that patrons don’t get lost. In this environment, should a young child be separated from their traveling companions, it may be difficult for them to find their way back.

If a child becomes separated from their family in an airport, they can be extremely difficult to locate. Many areas that a small child can access before anyone even notices they’re gone can put them in hazardous situations or out of sight of airport personnel. Locating the child is obviously of paramount importance to the frightened family, and the child may not be old enough to understand how to find their way to airport staff who can help them. In these situations, security may need to step in to help find a lost child and bring them back before any problems arise for the child or the airport – all while making sure the family is on time for their flight.

However, the security personnel at airports are already extremely busy with the many threats they must deal with on a continual basis. Security personnel are constantly on the lookout for issues, from potential terrorism to disgruntled employees that may cause issues to the growing crowds waiting to get on their flights. Having to locate a lost child and reunite them with their family could divert significant resources away from protecting everyone else within the airport and ensuring the safety of flights as they depart and arrive. Fortunately, many security technologies on the market today deliver dynamic features that help make searches for lost children simple, fast and accurate.

Intelligent analytics in place on many modern video management systems (VMS) can help to quickly locate lost children and aid security officers in reconnecting them with their families. People-tracking analytics are able to scan thousands of people in seconds, using predetermined search criteria— height, hair color, shirt color, and others— to search faster and more accurately than is possible by human eyes alone and locate an individual meeting that criteria. Security officers can then minimize time wasted with on-the-ground searching by notifying officers nearby and keeping them updated with the location of a missing child as they move through the airport.

Analytics can also be leveraged to detect lost children entering hazardous areas before they’re even reported by their worried families. By setting alarms to be triggered by a VMS when a perimeter or barrier is breached without authorization, when movement is detected in the opposite direction of traffic, or when doors are opened with force, security officers are notified immediately, allowing them to proactively respond to possible incidents and helping to prevent harm to anyone in an unauthorized area. The use of this analytics software can even allow for unmanned monitoring, freeing up security teams to perform additional tasks.

In addition to analytics, many surveillance cameras are equipped with features that can assist in locating lost children. Multi-sensor panoramic cameras allow operators a better view of the entirety of the facility, covering high and low areas that other cameras might miss and giving officers a better view of people who are lower to the ground.

When a child goes missing in a complex facility like an airport, time is of the essence to reunite them with their worried family and prevent them from accidentally harming themselves or others. With modern cameras and the right integrated analytics on your surveillance system, you can limit the manpower required to find a lost child and locate them even more efficiently than with an extensive ground-level search, ensuring that they keep out of danger and can even still make their flight.

Using Video Surveillance to Limit Liability at Airports

Airports are large, sprawling spaces, containing a number of areas utilized by masses of people from travelers to airport personnel as they travel from place to place or go about their daily jobs. Securing such a facility is a complex process, requiring a robust video surveillance system throughout not only the front-facing parts of the facility, but also employee-only restricted access areas, tarmac and exterior areas.

The many potential dangers of an airport environment means that liabilities are a serious concern for airport management. Dangerous machinery on property, a sprawling facility with many nooks and crannies, a great many people moving from place to place (often in a hurry), and a number of vendors and contract employees all converge to create an environment where risk is high and difficult to detect. An injury or other incident occurring on airport property can be costly and take up valuable resources. In addition, it may be difficult to determine exactly who is at fault for damages without adequate forensic-quality evidence. From slip and falls to on-the-job accidents to lost persons, liability is something that airports need to take into consideration.

A comprehensive video surveillance system is the first line of defense when limiting liabilities at airports. High-performance cameras constantly streaming HD video in every part of your airport means that you will have consistent, auditable video evidence should an event occur. Enterprise-level VMS platforms provide real-time viewing and alerts and integrate with 3rd party analytics for improved monitoring and detection. VMS systems can also provide searchable time and place information that helps to pinpoint the relevant video data amongst the large amount of stored data on the system, greatly reducing investigation times. This can be particularly important when incident scenes are captured by more than one camera and different angles; an “investigation engine” can quickly locate and collate video from multiple angles to further eliminate confusion. Video surveillance systems can also help prevent liabilities from occurring in the first place.

Integrated analytics can help to track people through an airport in every area, and identify when a problem may come up without requiring complex training for operators. Object detection can notify security personnel if something is left behind or in a position where it might cause risk. Wrong-way monitoring sends an alert if someone or something is moving in an unexpected direction, and perimeter detection can sense when an area is being breached either at all or by an unauthorized person. Facial recognition can compare faces of people in an airport with a designated watchlist. Advanced VMS systems can even anticipate choke points based on crowd movement patterns, enabling a proactive response.

When thinking about liability prevention with a video surveillance system, cameras are critical both to helping prevent liability and to defending any airport in the event an incident occurs. Better cameras provide better data, with high definition cameras capturing better video images that allow analytics to perform accurately and consistently. Cameras with wide dynamic range (WDR) can capture usable video in areas with challenging lighting conditions, and panoramic cameras can capture a wide area while also allowing for PTZ functionality in certain models.

Liability at airports is an important consideration when installing or updating a video surveillance system. Digital high definition cameras can help to provide high quality images to accurately capture incidents, in addition to providing a platform for analytics that can help to prevent issues before they happen. Storing video data to be easily searchable will help provide evidence quickly in the event of an incident.

An airport is a massive hub, moving hundreds of thousands of travelers through a large facility hosting hundreds of employees and vendors. Video surveillance can improve operational efficiency and help to give airports facilities the edge in this ever-changing environment.

Why Securing Your Airport Starts at the Perimeter

In recent years, airport security has been identified as a top priority. Inside the terminal, surveillance and security systems have been modified, enhanced, and strengthened. However, security weaknesses remain—most prevalently, at the perimeter of the airport. While any flier can easily see the changes that have made interior security more stringent, perimeter security is much less tightly controlled. There are a number of concerns that are specific to airport perimeter security, and ensuring that an airport is secure at the perimeter presents a variety of unique challenges.

Many airports have no more than a chain-link fence between the Air Operations Area (AOA) and the outside of the airport. Runways, taxiways, aircraft, and other assets protected only by that fence are incredibly vulnerable to anyone with reasonable climbing skills. It’s even easier to use a vehicle to break through a chain-link fence, as shown by several recent high profile perimeter breaches where civilians have taken their car for a joyride down an airport runway. Airports near water are less vulnerable from vehicles, but anyone with a boat can paddle up to the site and gain access to the AOA. Reports find that airport perimeter security is breached almost once every ten days.

Solutions for automated perimeter security can help to address this challenge. Today’s surveillance systems can incorporate analytics to monitor the fence line, detect breaches or potential breaches, filter out time-wasting false alarms from animals or blowing debris, and alert authorities quickly when action is needed. And because perimeter security can be integrated with the airport’s surveillance system, there is no need to train personnel on a new system or increase your personnel deployment to compensate for new security operations. These solutions are easily deployable, and they function in all environments and weather conditions.

Users have a variety of options to tailor the system to their perimeter security needs. If your terminal has several distinct restricted areas, your virtual perimeter can designate those areas individually. Automated alerts can be sent to localized security personnel to control incidents as they happen in real-time, and these intelligent alerts will only be sent out if a breach event is occurring—ensuring that personnel need not make trips to the perimeter every time a bird flies over your fence. Smart thermal imaging is easily deployed over a wide area, with instant alerts notifying personnel where the breach is occurring. By monitoring both sides of your fence, perimeter security helps ensure that you are able to respond to breaches even before they occur, preventing costly maintenance and downtime and helping to ensure the safety of planes and passengers on the tarmac and in the air. Because large flat areas that have planes flying over them will have obvious issues with wind and vibration, it makes sense to choose cameras with built-in image stabilization in order to prevent shaking from causing false alarms. Perimeter security solutions with options that are tailored to your airport perimeter will make it easier for you to prevent breaches and other issues.

Airport perimeter security presents a significant risk and may be overlooked as a security issue in favor of security inside the terminal itself. However, overlooking the perimeter can result in costly, time-consuming, and incredibly dangerous incursions onto the tarmac, into aircraft or into the terminal. Automated security solutions make controlling the perimeter much simpler and more cost-effective, helping to reduce risk throughout the entire airport.