The History Of Security Camera Systems

Posted on Categories Surveillance

The human need for a sense of security has long been present throughout our history, but only recently have we truly found an effective method of surveillance to provide the comfort we desire. Security camera systems have come a long way from the early beginnings of Analog Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) to the IP based security camera systems we’re familiar with today.

Pelco produces the best security camera systems and software management capabilities available, yet, we could not have developed into the industry leader we are today without the advancements in technology over the years.

Today, we will take a closer look at the history of security camera systems to better understand how video surveillance and security developed from a concept into a tremendously effective and popular security solution.

Early Days

Video surveillance isn’t new, per se, but it is relatively recent in history dating back to the 1940s. Early CCTV and television broadcast equipment shared technology as both used gray-scale video (not color) and defined performance through NTSC standards. Even as color cameras came into the picture during the 1950s, there was debate as to whether it was better for security camera systems because gray-scale video produced better resolution and low-light capability, while color gave more detail such as the color of clothes a person was wearing.

In the early days of security camera systems, the system was set up for real-time viewing because there was a lack of reliable recording technology and even solutions that existed at the time were extremely hard to use. As videocassette recorders increased in popularity in the 1970s, the use of security camera systems took off in the 1970s, ushering in the modern era for the common use of video surveillance on a wider scale.

Technology Evolution

While the VCR significantly increased the recording capabilities for security camera systems, allowing them to be used across multiple industries and for personal home security, the greatest technological advancement came in 1996 with the introduction of the first IP security camera system — meaning the system was attached to a network. Using an ethernet cable rather than a coax cable, video signals were digitally-encoded and sent instead of the old analog system.

This enhanced communication was hard to understand to analog dealers to comprehend, so it took some years before IP security camera systems became mainstream when computer dealers, who understood networks, began selling IP cameras that the system took off. Even IP security camera systems developed greatly in a short time, providing barely improved resolution to their analog counterparts until the early 2000s when resolutions became four times greater.

Market Changes

Today, it is estimated that there are more than 30 million security camera systems in use in the United States alone and over 100 million worldwide.

Not all have moved to IP security camera systems or wireless security camera systems, but there is no question these are the best security camera systems and there are lots of options available among IP cameras. From lower-cost options to professional surveillance systems, any industry or person has access to increased security.

Contact Pelco Today

Pelco is an industry leader in security camera systems, with a wide selection of systems and video management solutions to fit any industry. With us, you also receive the best in customer service, support and training. It’s the foundation we’ve built our reputation upon for more than 25 years. Contact Pelco today to learn more about how we can help bolster your security with the best security camera systems and video management solutions.